All Edwin Black books are available in approximately 40 digital editions. Readers should be aware that all digital editions are created through a battery of automated and OCR processes that are beyond the involvement of either the author or the publisher. The systems used vary profoundly from electronic edition to electronic edition, such as Kindle, Nook, Kobo, Apple, eLibrary, etc.

Moreover, the appearance and translation of each of these editions will be different for each computer, each operating system, and each window size. This means that the reader viewing a book on a Kindle device will have a dramatically different page translation than if viewed on Kindle for Mac, Nook or a library station. Many readers view a single Kindle edition on a variety of their devices, such as computer, and reader, tablet, and smart phone.

Correcting a display error on one device can actually trigger display errors on another device. Moreover, the software is constantly changing as are the devices. So as soon as one problem is solved, another can occur. This electronic process is totally beyond the control of both the author and publisher, and in almost all cases is undetectable by the author or publisher. Hence, the nature of the beast virtually guarantees numerous display variations created--not by the human process--but by cybernetic mass production.

Generally page numbers do not exist in electronic editions. Since each word is searchable, the customary index is generally omitted as well. Only in some cases are the usual footnotes at the end of each substantive paragraph linked to the endnotes in the back.

The entire electronic structure of a book will depend upon whether it was converted from the printed page, such as a book published before 2007, or created from up-to-date software after 2007. In practice, this can mean that the oldest Edwin Black books, such as some editions of The Transfer Agreement, IBM and the Holocaust, War Against the Weak, Banking on Baghdad, and Internal Combustion can feature more display idiosyncrasies. The books written after 2007, such as The Plan, Nazi Nexus, The Farhud, and British Petroleum and the Redline Agreement will have fewer display idiosyncrasies. Moreover, the page that may look perfectly normal to one reader using one device or computer and may reflect display features for another reader using another device.

Finally, all page design and all images are completely subject to the specific software and conversion employed in a given device. A multiplicity of eBook conversion processes are in use.

Optical Character Reader (OCR) software is the primary tool. It is a known industry factor that depending upon the process, typos arising from OCR can be as frequent as one per 2,000 characters, or one per 20,000 characters or in some cases one per 35,000 characters. These are not the fault of the author or the publisher, and even when they are corrected for some editions, those corrections will not take for other editions.

Readers are invited to buy the printed book that can be held in your hand to see what the author and designers tried to accomplish. Here, it is important to understand that even modern printed books are subject to many of the same collaborative and automated software processes employed by eBooks.

To locate the Kindle edition of Edwin Black's books, please visit Amazon Author Central and navigate.

Edwin Black books are available on approximately 40 ebook editions. The author declines to permit his books to be converted to the native Apple ebook app, due to Apple's price manipulations, but Mac users can use the standard Kindle app for Apple.

Authorized formats and sources include: 3M, Academic Pub, Amazon Kindle, Amazon Search Inside the Book (print discovery), Baker & Taylor Blio, Barnes & Noble Nook, Barnes & Noble See Inside (print discovery), Bilbary, Books 24×7, Chegg, CoreSource Fulfillment,, EBL, eBrary, Follet CafeScribe, Follett K-12, Gale, Gardners, Google BookSearch (print discovery), iGroup, iScroll, Kobo, MyiLibrary, NetLibrary, OverDrive, Questia, Scribd, Sony, and Zinio.